This study determined the horizontal to vertical force ratio (H:V) of two types of sprint starts and a variety of plyometric exercise, for the purpose of determining the exercises which are most biomechanically specific to sprinting. Subjects included 15 men. All subjects’ performed the sprinter start, the standing sprint start, the CMJ, 18 inch hurdle hop, bounding, power skipping, standing long jump, and multiple hops, starting on a force platform. A repeated measures ANOVA was used to determine differences in H:V between the sprinter start, the standing start, and the plyometric exercises. Results reveal significant main effects for sprint start H:V and standing start H:V, and the plyometric exercises H:V (p ≤ 0.001). Post-hoc analyses revealed that bounding and standing long jumps are the most biomechanically for training athletes for sprint starts.
Duffin, Garrett T., Stockero, Alyssa M., and Ebben, William P. 2019. The Optimal Plyometric Exercise Horizontal to Vertical Force Ratio for Sprinting.
International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. Vol. 37, 2019.